Types of Treatment

Types of Treatment

Pathways Counseling Services customizes treatment to the unique needs of each client. In doing so, there are many different methods which may be used to deal with the problems you hope to address. The following approaches are specializations of Pathways Counseling Services.


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a problem-focused therapy aimed at understanding and eliminating unhealthy and irrational thoughts and behaviors on a conscious level. The goal is to replace negative thoughts and maladaptive patterns with more positive and productive thoughts/behaviors. This goal is achieved during therapy sessions as well as monitoring and logging problematic thoughts outside of sessions. CBT is especially helpful for a variety of problems including anxiety disorders, panic attacks, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, mood disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, and substance abuse disorders.


Exposure Therapy

Exposure therapy is also utilized for severe anxiety disorders, panic disorders and phobias. Exposure therapy is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy geared toward desensitizing the client to that which they are fearful of. Often used with medication, this has an extremely high success rate in patients overcoming their biggest fears (ie: crowds, social anxiety, driving, and flying) that are often preventing normal daily functioning.


E M D R – Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an integrative psychotherapy approach that has been extensively researched and proven effective for the treatment of trauma. Unresolved trauma from our past may be continuing to affect us negatively in our present day lives. Depression, anxiety, unhealthy addictive behaviors, and eating disorders are among the many symptoms of unresolved trauma. Upon further examination, such life struggles often began in the aftermath of a traumatic event.

EMDR has been thought to be one of the most effective and thoroughly researched methods ever used in treating trauma. Within three to four sessions of EMDR, many people that have been treated for a traumatic incident find relief from post-trauma emotional symptoms. EMDR is different from traditional talk therapy and many will feel positive results in as little as one session.


It is believed that EMDR works by permitting the traumatic memories to be accessed and then processed both emotionally and cognitively, which allows for their resolution. The trained therapist may utilize a variety of rhythmic stimulation and/or facilitate eye movements in the person during the treatment. When traumatic memories are accessed in a safe environment, it is believed that the processing of such memories is heightened and new links are made between the traumatic memories and more adaptive information. As a result, new information is processed, leading to the reduction and/or elimination of current problematic behaviors and feelings while new insights about the memories are developed.


Watch an informative video on EMDR: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zBtqWrs2-K0

For more information about EMDR you can visit the EMDR Institute.


D B T – Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) was originally developed by Marsha Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington. Empirical evidence suggests that DBT is one of the most successful treatments for difficult to treat disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder. DBT skills training includes learning the following: emotion regulation, interpersonal effectiveness, distress tolerance, and mindfulness. DBT targets the issues that cause distress and teaches skills to deal with them without having to resort to self-defeating behaviors. DBT can assist people who live in constant emotional pain, have difficulty maintaining healthy relationships and boundaries, have behavioral problems such as self-injuring, eating disorders, using substances, and losing control.



To be mindful means to maintain an awareness of one’s thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment in the present moment. Mindfulness also involves nonjudgmental acceptance of one’s thoughts and feelings without judging them, or being set on a “right” or “wrong” way to think or feel. Being mindful allows us to pay attention to what we are sensing in the present moment rather than rehashing the past or imagining the future.